Endometrial hyperplasia is a condition that means the lining of the uterus is growing or grows too thick.
Endometrial hyperplasia is caused by too much estrogen or not enough progesterone.
Both of these hormones play roles in the menstrual cycle.
Estrogen makes the cells grow, while progesterone signals the shedding of the cells.
A hormonal imbalance can produce too many cells or abnormal cells.
In most cases it can take endometrial hyperplasia up to 20 years to become cancer as it's mostly slow growing.
Endometrial Hyperplasia does not always lead to cancer but it can.
When the endometrium, the lining of the uterus, becomes too thick, it is called endometrial hyperplasia.
This condition is not cancer, but in some cases, it can lead to cancer of the uterus.
Mild or simple hyperplasia, the most common type, has a very small risk of becoming cancer.
It may go away on its own or after treatment with hormone therapy.
If the hyperplasia is called “atypical,” it has a higher chance of becoming a cancer.
The first signs of endometrial cancer include.
Unusual vaginal discharge without signs of blood.
Difficult or painful urination.
Pain during intercourse.
Pain and/or a mass in the pelvic area.
Unintentional weight loss.
The most common symptom of endometrial cancer is abnormal vaginal bleeding, ranging from a watery and blood-streaked flow to a flow that contains more blood.
Vaginal bleeding during or after menopause is often a sign of a problem.
If you have symptoms, your doctor may perform an endometrial biopsy or a transvaginal ultrasound.
These tests can be used to help diagnose or rule out uterine cancer.
Your doctor may do this test in his or her office, or may refer you to another doctor.
Some types of endometrial cancer spread quickly while other types of endometrial cancer spread more slowly.
If left untreated, endometrial cancer can spread to the bladder or rectum, or it can spread to the vagina, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and more distant organs.
Fortunately, endometrial cancer grows slowly and, with regular checkups, is usually found before spreading very far.
The most common type of endometrial cancer (type 1) grows slowly.
It most often is found only inside the uterus. Type 2 is less common.
It grows more rapidly and tends to spread to other parts of the body.
Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the uterus.
The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped pelvic organ where fetal development occurs.
Endometrial cancer begins in the layer of cells that form the lining (endometrium) of the uterus.
Endometrial cancer is sometimes called uterine cancer.
Although cervical cancer (cervical carcinoma) and uterine cancer (endometrial carcinoma) develop only a few centimeters apart, they are two completely different types of cancer with different courses, symptoms and treatments.
The most common type of endometrial cancer (type 1) grows slowly. It most often is found only inside the uterus.
Type 2 is less common. It grows more rapidly and tends to spread to other parts of the body.
Endometrial cancer is highly curable when found early.
Uterine carcinosarcoma is a very rare type of uterine cancer, with characteristics of both endometrial cancer and uterine sarcoma.
It is also known as a malignant mixed mesodermal tumor.
The length of time that you can live with endometrial cancer depends on the severity of the endometrial cancer and how far it has spread before diagnoses.
Also if you get treatment the endometrial cancer may be cured if caught and treated soon enough.
If that is the case and it's cured then you can live a normal long life.
But if the endometrial cancer has been left untreated or has spread too far then you may only live for 2 years to 5 years after the diagnoses of the endometrial cancer.
The longer you wait to get treatment for the endometrial cancer the less chance you have to cure it and the less time you have to live.
But if you can get it treated then you may live longer than 5 years after treatment.