Why does ice grow?

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asked Dec 27, 2020 in Weather by Southernky7 (320 points)
Why does ice grow?

1 Answer

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answered Dec 27, 2020 by Sarandra (1,420 points)
The reason ice grows and expands and grows spikes sometimes is because as the ice freezes fast under super cooled conditions, the surface of the ice can get covered except for a small hole.

Water expands when it freezes and eventually, the whole thing freezes and the spike on the ice is left.

Ice can be found in many parts of nature where water is and where the temperature falls below 32 F degrees.

Ice usually forms on lakes, rivers and the ocean in cold weather and ice can be very thick or very thin.

Ice also occurs as frost, snow, sleet and hail.

Water will freeze at zero degrees Celsius (32 degrees Fahrenheit).

There's also needle ice.

Needle Ice forms on the ground through a process called Ice Segregation.

During the Ice Segregation Process the cold water moves through a medium toward the presence of ice, freezes at the interface and adds to the ice.

When this occurs at or near the surface of soil it produces what we know and see as Needle Ice, which takes the form of strands of ice rising vertical from the surface or near surface of the soil.

The needle ice is formed when the ground temperature is above freezing but the air temperature is below freezing.

Through capillary action the needle ice is able to form.

There's also another form of ice that occurs called hair ice which is a relative to the needle ice.

Seeing needle ice and hair ice form is really cool and I've seen needle ice form mostly in Tennessee but it can form in other places as well.

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