Who invented matches?

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asked Dec 19, 2021 in Home Work Help by blomjase (930 points)
Who invented matches?

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answered Dec 19, 2021 by Gazpacho (7,030 points)
Several different people are cited for the invention of matches.

However the person who really invented matches by accident was John Walker in the year of 1826.

Matches were actually invented by accident.

In 1826, John Walker, a chemist in Stockton on Tees, discovered through lucky accident that a stick coated with chemicals burst into flame when scraped across his hearth at home.

He went on to invent the first friction match.

Samuel Jones from London copied his idea and marketed his matches as "Lucifer's"!

The matches that we use today were invented overtime and improved upon by several different people through the years.

Matches that use friction to create a fire source were invented in the year 1805 by Jean Chancel the assistant to Professor Louis Jacques Thénard of Paris.

However before that the match was also invented by Ribert Boyle in the year 1680.

Matches were first nvented by Robert Boyle in 1680 Rub together phosphorus and sulfur Previously fire could only be made by rubbing sticks together or striking flint to steel - time consuming First ones not very safe - could accidentally light in your pocket With improvements led to modern safety match.

However there's also another person cited as the inventor of the match who is John Walker.

A British pharmacist named John Walker invented the match by accident on this day in 1826, according to Today in Science History.

The basis of the modern match and lighter technology was founded by none other than an alchemist Hennig Brandt in the second half of 17th century, who his entire life dreamed of creating gold from other metals.

How do matches work?

If the match is struck against the striking surface, the friction causes the match to heat up.

A small amount of the red phosphorus on the friction surface is converted into white phosphorus.

The heat ignites the phosphorus that has reached the match head of the match when rubbing.

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