What is the major difference between an open and closed circulatory system?

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asked Jan 7 in Other- Health by phucat (880 points)
What is the major difference between an open and closed circulatory system?

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answered Jan 7 by 00x7yynase (900 points)
The major difference between an open and closed circulatory system include.

In a open circulatory system, blood is pumped from the heart into body cavity allowing blood to bathe the tissue and then return to heart.

However in closed circulatory system there is a continuous system of vessels and is not pumped into body cavities.

The disadvantages of an open circulatory system include.

It is almost impossible to increase blood distribution. Because the heart causes blood to fill into body cavities, the total capacity of the system is achieved with virtually every heartbeat.
It requires a low metabolic rate.
It does not work for larger creatures.

An open circulatory system does have a heart to do the pumping of the hemolymph and keep it flowing.

The purpose of an open circulatory system is to transport the oxygen and nutrients throughout the body of the insect or other thing that has the open circulatory system.

In tiny insects they are too small for the veins needed like humans and other animals so they have an open circulatory system instead.

Open circulatory systems (evolved in insects, mollusks and other invertebrates) pump blood into a hemocoel with the blood diffusing back to the circulatory system between cells.

Blood is pumped by a heart into the body cavities, where tissues are surrounded by the blood.

The resulting blood flow is sluggish.

The difference between a closed circulatory system and an open circulatory system are the closed circulatory system is where the heart pumps blood through vessels that are separate from the interstitial fluid of the body.

And in an open circulatory system, the blood is not enclosed in the blood vessels, but is pumped into a cavity called a hemocoel.

Humans don't have an open circulatory system.

Humans actually have a closed circulatory system instead of an open circulatory system.

The closed circulatory system that humans have means that the blood never leaves the network of arteries, veins and capillaries, some invertebrate groups have an open circulatory system containing a heart but limited blood vessels.

The system circulation is what helps the circulation of the blood as the heart pumps the blood.

Systemic circulation is the portion of the cardiovascular system which transports oxygenated blood away from the heart through the aorta from the left ventricle.

The correct direction of blood flow is actually several different directions.

Blood flows in the downward and upwards directions from your heart, to your brain, through your other veins and into your legs and back up to your heart.

So the blood in your body is flowing in several different directions.

First the right ventricle pumps the oxygen-poor blood to the lungs through the pulmonary valve.

Next the left atrium receives oxygen-rich blood from the lungs and pumps it to the left ventricle through the mitral valve.

Then the left ventricle pumps the oxygen-rich blood through the aortic valve out to the rest of the body.

The only vein to carry oxygenated blood is the pulmonary vein which carries blood from the lungs to the right atrium.

Arteries always carry blood away from the heart.

Usually the blood is oxygenated; the exceptions are the pulmonary arteries, which carry blood away from the heart to the lungs to become oxygenated.

The 4 chambers of the heart are the left atrium and right atrium (upper chambers), and the left ventricle and right ventricle (lower chambers).

The right side of the heart collects blood on its return from the rest of the body.

The blood entering the right side of the heart is low in oxygen.

The largest structure of the heart is the left ventricle.

The left ventricle is the largest and strongest chamber in the heart.

The left ventricle's chamber walls are only about a half-inch thick, but they have enough force to push blood through the aortic valve and into the body.

The smallest blood vessels in the body are called the capillaries.

Capillaries are the smallest blood vessels that connect the arteries and veins together.

The main vein that carries oxygen rich blood is the aorta although more than one vein carries oxygen rich blood.

The pulmonary veins bring oxygen-rich blood to the left atrium.

The aorta carries oxygen-rich blood to the body from the left ventricle.

The main artery in the human body is called the Aorta.

The largest artery in the body is the Aorta artery.

The aorta is the main artery that carries blood away from your heart to the rest of your body.

The blood leaves the heart through the aortic valve.

Then it travels through the aorta, making a cane-shaped curve that allows other major arteries to deliver oxygen-rich blood to the brain, muscles and other cells.

The largest artery is the aorta, the main high-pressure pipeline connected to the heart's left ventricle.

The aorta branches into a network of smaller arteries that extend throughout the body.

The arteries' smaller branches are called arterioles and capillaries.

The aorta is divided into four sections: The ascending aorta rises up from the heart and is about 2 inches long.

The coronary arteries branch off the ascending aorta to supply the heart with blood.

The aortic arch curves over the heart, giving rise to branches that bring blood to the head, neck, and arms.

The aorta, normally on the left side of the body, may be found on the right in dextrocardia, in which the heart is found on the right, or situs inversus, in which the location of all organs are flipped.

Variations in the branching of individual arteries may also occur.

An aortic aneurysm develops from a weakness in the wall of the aorta.

This weakness can be present at birth or can develop as the result of disease or injury.

Atherosclerosis: A clogged or damaged artery from a condition called atherosclerosis is the most common cause of aneurysm.

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